Workers are not required to join a union in a given workplace. Nevertheless, most industries, with an average union training of 70%, are subject to a collective agreement. An agreement does not prohibit higher wages and better benefits, but sets a legal minimum, much like a minimum wage. In addition, an agreement on national income policy is often, but not always, reached, bringing together all trade unions, employers` organisations and the Finnish government.  A clause in a collective agreement is, however, non-applicable and a princess rule that is not applicable to a person when promoting or provides for a description prohibited by the Equality Act 2010. A person may file a complaint with an employment tribunal that a clause is null and forthholds or that a rule is unenforceable under these provisions, and if the court finds that the appeal is well founded, the court must issue an order declaring the clause not applicable or the rule unenforceable. The union can negotiate with a single employer (who usually represents a company`s shareholder) or with a group of companies, depending on the country, in order to reach an industry-wide agreement. A collective agreement functions as an employment contract between an employer and one or more unions. Collective bargaining is conducted in negotiations between union representatives and employers (usually represented by management or, in some countries such as Austria, Sweden and the Netherlands, by an employers` organisation) on the conditions of employment of workers, such as wages, working time, working conditions, redress procedures and trade union rights and obligations. The parties often refer to the outcome of the collective agreement or collective agreement (AEC) negotiation. The consultation includes a genuine exchange of ideas and information that ensures that workers and their representatives have the opportunity to influence decisions within the organization, especially when a proposal can affect employment.
 In Finland, collective agreements are generally valid. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized.