In addition to airworthiness certification, bilateral aviation safety agreements provide for bilateral cooperation in a wide range of aviation sectors, including maintenance, flight operations and environmental certification. For aircraft certification, an additional document, an implementation procedure for airworthiness, will be developed to address certain areas such as design authorizations, production activities, aviation export authorizations, post-design authorization activities and technical cooperation. A horizontal agreement is an international agreement negotiated by the European Commission on behalf of EU Member States in order to bring into line with EU law all existing bilateral air transport agreements between EU Member States and a given third country. Bilateral agreements facilitate the reciprocal certificate of airworthiness of civil air products imported/exported between two signatory States. A bilateral airworthiness agreement (BAA) or a bilateral aviation safety agreement (BASA) with airworthiness implementation procedures (APIs) provides for technical cooperation between the FAA and its partner authorities in the field of civil aviation. Method of horizontal negotiations: changes with 41 countries and a regional organisation of eight Member States representing 670 other bilateral agreements. The latter has the advantages of simplicity and efficiency in terms of cost and time. In addition, certain aspects dealt with in bilateral air services agreements (SAAs) fall within the exclusive competence of the EU and therefore cannot be negotiated autonomously by EU Member States. The Australian government is putting in place a bilateral air services negotiation programme to strengthen our airlines` access to the world and allow foreign airlines to improve their access to Australia. Air Services Agreement between Member States and third countries – negotiation of uniform “horizontal” agreements, with the Commission acting on behalf of EU Member States. Any “horizontal” agreement aims to amend the relevant provisions of all existing bilateral AAs in a single negotiation with a third country. Before an airline can offer international flights to another country, the government must first negotiate a contract-level agreement with the government of the destination country.
These agreements are called bilateral air services agreements. Work procedures are a type of agreement with a foreign CAA with which the FAA has not entered into a bilateral agreement. They are used to define the methods by which the FAA`s Aircraft Certification Service can assist another state in authorizing aeronautical products and articles exported from the United States to that state. . . .